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P916_ABC_DVT_PE After Surgery

Who is at Risk? Anyone can develop a deep vein thrombosis. However, the following risk factors make the condition more likely to occur: 77 Recent surgery, including hip or knee replacement 77 Being inactive for a long period (such as when you’re bedridden due to illness) 77 Immobility due to plane rides or long car rides 77 Injury to a vein caused by a trauma, a broken bone, inflammation, or surgery 77 Family history of blood clots 77 Cancer and certain cancer treatments 77 Smoking 77Other factors such as older age, pregnancy, taking birth control or hormone replacement, having another vein problem, smoking while using oral contraceptives, or being overweight can also put you at higher risk for DVT. 77 Use of pacemakers or central venous catheters or injecting drugs use can be risk factors for DVTs, specifically in the upper extremities. PLAY VIDEO Patient Stories of DVT Preventing Blood Clots After Knee or HiP rePlACement Surgery My Risk Factor Action Plan This chart outlines what you need to do to keep each of these risk factors under control after your surgery. You’re probably doing some of these things already. If so, check them off. As you achieve the other goals, check those off, too. You can also write in your own action items as needed. Inactivity 7 Try not to sit for more than 45 minutes at a time without getting up and moving around. 7 When traveling by car for long periods, stop for stretch breaks when possible. 7 When flying, wear compression stockings and wiggle your toes and tighten your calves to keep blood moving while you are sitting. Get up and walk around on long flights, if you can. Smoking 7 Set a quit date. 7 Talk to your healthcare provider about prescription or over-the-counter medication to help you quit. 7 Join a support group or smoking cessation program. 7 Sign a quit contract, with a friend or family member as a witness. 7 If you slip up, try again. Remember that most people try more than once before they quit for good. In general 7 Follow your healthcare team’s instructions after hip or knee replacement surgery 7 Take all medications as directed. 7 Elevate the foot of your bed 5 to 6 inches using a foam wedge. 7 When you’re sitting, wiggle your toes and tighten your calves to keep blood moving. 7 Wear elastic (compression) stockings at all times, except when you’re in bed. Write other concerns you may have here: 7 7 7 7 7 7 My Risk Factor Action Plan Download/print this PDF Learning Check! Click the button to take a short quiz on what you’ve learned in Chapter 2. 9


P916_ABC_DVT_PE After Surgery
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