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P916_ABC_DVT_PE After Surgery

C hapter 2 Causes and Risk Factors What Causes DVT and PE? Blood clots can form in your body’s deep veins if: 77Damage occurs to a vein’s inner lining. This damage may result from injuries caused by physical, chemical, or biological factors. Such factors include surgery, serious injury, inflammation, and an immune response. 77 Blood flow is sluggish or slow. Lack of motion can cause sluggish or slow blood flow. This may occur after surgery, if you’re ill and in bed for a long time, or if you’re immobile while traveling for a long time. 77 Your blood is thicker or more likely to clot than normal. Certain inherited conditions increase blood’s tendency to clot. This also is true of treatment with hormone therapy or birth control pills. Preventing Blood Clots After Knee or HiP rePlACement Surgery Preventing Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism If you’re at risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT): 7 After your surgery, get out of bed and move around as soon as possible 7 Get regular checkups 7 Take medication as directed by your healthcare provider 7 During long trips, exercise your lower leg muscles 7 Maintain a healthy weight, stop smoking and exercise regularly If you have previously had DVT or pulmonary embolism (PE), prevent future blood clots by following the tips above. Also: 7 Take all medicines prescribed by your healthcare provider to treat or prevent blood clots 7 If your healthcare provider has prescribed it, use graduated compression stockings (also called support hose or medical compression stockings) to help prevent blood pooling and clotting in your lower leg 7 Follow up with your healthcare provider for tests and treatment Call your healthcare provider immediately if you have any of the following signs or symptoms: 7 Pain or tenderness in one leg (may only be felt when walking or standing) 7 Swelling in one leg or along a vein in the leg 7 Warmth in the painful or swollen areas in one leg 7 Red or discolored skin in one leg 7 Difficulty breathing or unexplained shortness of breath 7 Coughing up blood Source: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, SurgeonGeneral.gov Preventing DVT and Pulmonary Embolism Download/print this PDF 7


P916_ABC_DVT_PE After Surgery
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