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P1052 ABC Transitions in Care

Glossary Blood pressure: The amount of force blood exerts against the walls of your blood vessels, often an indicator of how hard the heart must pump. Blood thinner: A medicine that reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke by reducing the formation of clots in your arteries, veins, or heart. Cholesterol: A fatty substance that can build up within artery walls. Some is made by the body; some enters the body through foods you eat. In people with heart disease, the level of cholesterol in the blood is often too high. Coronary heart disease (CHD): A condition that occurs when the blood vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle gradually become narrowed or blocked by plaque deposits. Also known as coronary artery disease (CAD). Diabetes: A condition in which your body doesn’t make enough insulin to handle the sugar in the blood, or the body can’t use the insulin it makes, or both. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): A test that records the way electrical signals move through the heart. Heart disease: A disease in which damage to the heart or the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart keeps the heart from working properly. High blood pressure (hypertension): A disease in which blood pushes with too much force against artery walls as it moves through the arteries. This increased force damages the arteries over time. Over-the-counter medication: Medicine for minor problems that can be purchased without a prescription from your doctor. Sodium: An element needed by the body to function properly. Salt contains sodium. Too much sodium in your diet can lead to high blood pressure, heart disease, and other complications. Trans fat: A type of fat found in french fries and other fast food, snack foods (such as chips and cookies), and some margarines and shortenings. This is the worst fat for your heart and should be avoided. It increases LDL and has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. 14


P1052 ABC Transitions in Care
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