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P1161_ABC_Pfizer_Living with FH

What Can Be Done to Treat FH? For people with FH, making changes to their diet and lifestyle are almost always required. This means eating a heart-healthy diet that is low in fat and cholesterol, and starting (or increasing) a physical activity routine. Eating Heart-Healthy There are two diet plans that are very good places to start: the Mediterranean and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diets. The Mediterranean diet focuses on lean fish, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. The DASH diet is low in fat and sodium (salt) and is often recommended for people with high blood pressure (hypertension). Talk with your health care provider about the diet plan that makes the most sense for you. In general, you want to aim for: • Limiting the amount of saturated fats (fatty meats, full-fat dairy products) and carbohydrates you eat (and avoid trans fats completely, such as those found in many baked goods, fried foods and margarines). • Avoiding full-fat dairy products and processed foods, especially those with partially or fully hydrogenated oils. Hydrogenated oils are those which become solid at room temperature and are present in shortening, margarine, fried foods, baked goods, and packaged snacks. • Choosing healthier (unsaturated) fats, such as olive oil, avocados, and almonds, over butter or margarine. • Limiting alcohol (no more than two drinks a day for males, or one drink a day for females—a drink being one 12 oz. beer, one 5 oz. glass of wine, or 1.5 oz. of liquor). Keep in mind that alcohol contains sugars, which can raise triglyceride levels and provide empty calories that can make weight loss more difficult. 7


P1161_ABC_Pfizer_Living with FH
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